Nutrition

Nutrition is a factor in 35 percent of the deaths of children under 5 worldwide. Protein-energy deficiencies stunt children’s growth and can lead to premature death. Over 2 billion people in the world are anemic, many due to iron deficiency. Anemia is associated with increases in maternal mortality. Deficiencies in micronutrients such as Vitamin B12, folic acid, Vitamin D and selenium are common, and malnutrition affects between 10 and 20 percent of women of reproductive age, resulting in low birth weight newborns and increasing vulnerability to infections such as malaria. Strategies such as nutrient supplementation, food fortification and increased agricultural productivity are some of the interventions being tested to improve nutrition in areas of food insecurity. Reducing exposure to diarrheal diseases and addressing poverty also contributed to improved nutritional status.

Research & Policy
Impact