Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting

In some cultures, adolescent girls are forced to undergo procedures in which part of the female genitalia is removed. An estimated 3 million girls per year undergo female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM). The practice, also called female circumcision by supporters, is performed on an estimated 3 million girls per year, often in unsanitary conditions with crude instruments and without anesthesia, and can cause serious infections over time. During childbirth, female genital mutilation can cause prolonged labor, hemorrhaging, and obstetric fistula. Prolonged labor can increase the chances of fetal or neonatal death.

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